Laws of Erdreja
Note that this document is filed under the historic section of this library and ensure that you furnish yourself with a modern copy of the laws of any land you should choose to visit.
Provided by Obidask MacTrew, Bran Laoch
You must understand that there are no written laws in Caledonia. The Will of Anu in the form of the Queens is that by which we live and die, Her Will is interperated by the Laochs of The Queens Fianna, you may call them Knights in your tounge.
Each case is assessed on an individual basis and individual circumstances which inflexible laws do not permit. For instance the theft of a sheep, if a man starving steals a sheep to feed his family this would be a totaly different matter to a rich man who wanted to simply increase his flocks.
There can be no propalactic law, the Wisdom, Compassion and Wrath of Anu decides our fates manifest though her agents.
This is not to say that Caledonia is a lawless place quite the contary each clan has its own traditions that keep them in order and many of these are shared though clans by oaths and covenants between them. It has been said that our nation is founded on the three principles of Hospitality, Honour and Personal Reputation for a person to abuse or loose any of these would bring them shame so it is a personal law that governs us, we of course expect the same of those who we deal with those who would break Hospitality, Honour and besmerch our Reputaions encour the dark companion Vengance.
A word of warning those who profess to practice Law in Caledonia over the people of the Bear without the burden of the Fianna mantle placed on them, presume to understand the Will of Anu and that hearsay is punishable by death as High Treason.
The High Laws formally stated are as follows:
Provided by Lady Kali
A Declaration by Clovis Laches, High Sheriff of Cymrija
These are the High Laws which apply throughout the land of Cymrija from this time onwards. Each Baron in their Baronies may make laws which are lesser than these and are only applicable in that Barony. Such Barony Laws may not interfere with the High Laws and must have copies submitted to the Office of the High Sheriff and must be displayed on all entrance routes to the Barony. Any person entering the Barony is deemed to accept such laws and be bound by such. These High Laws are applicable within Dragon Lands and non sovereign soil to Dragons, Dragon Citizens and their guests.
A Dragon is a Citizen of the Dragon Nation either by right of birth or by swearing allegiance to the Throne, Lord General or Banner.
A guest of the Dragon has the protection of the law and is subject to it for the duration of their visit or until they are deemed unworthy of hospitality.
Any person who is not a Dragon or a guest of the Dragon is without the protection of the Law but is still subject to it. For the purpose of the Law ‘Dragon’ includes guests.
The spirit of these Laws should be adhered to as well as the letter of the law. Resorting to the letter of the Law to circumvent its’ spirit will be frowned upon by the Law Lords.
The High Laws
A Dragon shall not take the life of another Dragon nor attempt to do such. This includes deliberately taking the life, inaction or action which will result in a life being lost, leaving a person in such a condition that without the possibility of healing resulting in that persons death and hiring assassins or other mercenaries.
Unlawfully taking property belonging to another Dragon:
This includes taking another’s property without their permission and not returning such within a reasonable period in the same condition, stealing, mugging or cheating another out of their property. This offence includes the theft of land.
All territory within Cymrija is considered Sovereign Dragon Land and by rights ultimately the property of the Lord General and Council of Lords. A Lord shall not take land belonging to another Dragon Citizen without due recourse to the Council of Lords.
The art of necromancy is forbidden to all Dragons. This includes raising unliving; the corruption of a pattern resulting in unlife, using or possessing unlicensed necromantic items and it is also punishable to be aware of unliving and to take no action, within the limits of one’s abilities, for them to be destroyed.
It is against the Law for a Dragon to be unliving; such individuals are exempt from Dragon Citizenship or hospitality. All those who are unliving shall be arrested and laid to rest to the best of the Dragons’ ability.
It is against the law for a Dragon, by action or inaction, to act against the interests of the Nation. This includes fighting for the enemy, providing information to the enemy and disclosing sensitive information to anyone without relevant consent.
Any property or information obtained on Sovereign soil that is considered part of Cymrijan heritage is solely owned by the Dragon Nation. As such all items should be brought to the ranking officer or bard. Such items will be placed under the protection of the Dragon Nation who shall be the sole custodian. Such items may be later awarded as either booty or an honour to either the finder or one the Dragon Nation considers worthy of ownership, such is at the Lord Generals discretion.
All Dragons shall conduct themselves honourably towards others.
Provided by Raelor
The Laws and Statutes of the Kingdoms of Lyonesse and Estragales
Section 1 : The Lord GryphonSection 2 : Gryphon Lands and the extent of these LawsSection 3 : The Gathering TreatySection 4 : Rank and Status within Gryphon LandsSection 5 : Arrest and ImprisonmentSection 6 : The CourtSection 7 : Offences and Punishments under Gryphon LawSection 8 : Miscellanea
Section 1 : The Lord Gryphon
Upon the death or abdication of the Lord Gryphon, the Kings of Lyonesse and Estragales shall appoint His successor. In the event of there being no current King of either or both realms, the duty shall pass to the next in their lines of succession, as appropriate.
The appointment of Lord Gryphon is for life, or until abdication.
The word of Lord Gryphon is absolute, limited only by clause 1E. All the statutes set forth in these documents may be changed at any time upon the whim of the Lord Gryphon, with the exception of those in Section 1.
The Lord Gryphon is immune to prosecution under these statutes.
The Protocol of Mediera In circumstances where the Lord Gryphon orders the execution of a Gryphon subject, the Lord Gryphon must first seek counsel from a quorum of Gryphon nobles.
Section 2 : Gryphon Lands and the extent of these Laws
Gryphon Lands are defined as being the Kingdoms of Lyonesse and Estragales, together with outlying islands and archipelagos thereof. Furthermore, Gryphon Lands include those ceded to the Lord Gryphon by other factions, guilds or organisations, those gained by diplomacy, those gained by exploration and those gained by conquest. Gryphon ships at sea and Gryphon armies in the field are also considered to be on Gryphon Land. Lands and territories may be ceded to other factions, guilds or organisation by the Lord Gryphon for ambassadorial or other purposes. These lands and territories do not count among Gryphon Lands. Hereafter in this document, the phrase “Gryphon Lands” shall mean that defined above.
The Laws and Statutes set out in this document (hereafter referred to as “Gryphon Law”) shall apply to all Gryphons regardless of their location and environs, whether they be on land of other factions, guilds or any other organisation.
Gryphon Law shall apply to all persons on Gryphon Lands, regardless of faction, guild or other affiliation, with the exception of officially recognised Ambassadors (see 3B)
Supra-jurisdictional Protocol Gryphon Law shall apply to all persons regardless of faction, guild or other affiliation, with the exception of officially recognised Ambassadors (see 3B), regardless of locale, at the discretion of the Lord-Provost or Lord Gryphon.
Section 3 : The Gathering Treaty
The Gathering Treaty is part of Gryphon Law. The Gryphons fully uphold and support the tenets of this treaty.
As per the Gathering Treaty, Ambassadors from other factions or Guilds who bear official recognition by the Lord Gryphon are immune from prosecution under Gryphon Law. However, they may be forcibly or otherwise removed from Gryphon Lands at the whim of the Lord Gryphon.
Accognoscere Protocol Factions that refuse to ratify the Gathering Treaty are to be considered to be outside the protections and privileges contained therein. The laws, statutes, customs and the jurisdiction thereof are not recognised under Gryphon Law, except at the discretion of the Lord Gryphon for the purposes and aims of Gryphon diplomacy.
Section 4: Rank and Status within Gryphon Lands
Gryphons are given rank by the Lord Gryphon and her lawfully appointed advisors. Ranks are in the following order of status, lowest first:2 – Serjent3 – Baronet4 – Baron5 – Viscompte6 – Compte7 – Marquis8 – Duc
The titles shown are those normally used within Gryphon lands. However, as per cultural and historical differences, individuals may choose their own title, provided it does not imply any status that they do not possess.C
Rank and Status of individuals in other factions, guilds or organisations is irrelevant under Gryphon Law save for the dispensation granted to officially recognised Ambassadors (see 3B).Section 5 : Arrest and ImprisonmentA
Individuals responsible to Gryphon Law (see 2B, 2C &2D) may be arrested on suspicion of breaking Gryphon Law only by Gryphons of higher rank than themselves (see 4A) and duly appointed Magistrate.B
Gryphon Magistrate shall be defined as the Lord-Provost and those Gryphons the Lord-Provost shall appoint to be the upholders of the Gryphon Law.C
Gryphon Magistrate may arrest any suspected of breaking Gryphon Law, notwithstanding (1D). Furthermore, Gryphon Magistrate may only be arrested by Magistrate who hold rank higher than their own, by the Lord-Provost or by the Lord Gryphon.D
Within the armies and navies of the Lord Gryphon, individuals may be arrested by any of their superior officers.E
Upon arrest, individuals suspected of breaking Gryphon Law may be imprisoned pending the formation of a court to hear the accusations brought against them. Individuals may be held for no longer than a year and a day without trial.Section 6 : The CourtA
A Court shall consist of one Magistrate, a number of jurors to be not less than two but not more than ten, one Clerk to the Court, one Counsel for the Defence and one Counsel for the Prosecution.B
While the court is sitting, the word of the Magistrate in the court is to be considered that of the Lord Gryphon for all considerations of Gryphon Law except those under (Section 1).C
The Magistrate is selected by the Lord-Provost or the Lord Gryphon.D
The Magistrate must normally be of higher rank than the accused (see 4A). However the Lord-Provost and all Magistrate may act as Magistrate for any court, regardless of the rank of the accused.E
Within the army and navies of the Lord Gryphon, the Magistrate may be selected by the commander of the regiment or sea-going vessel as appropriate. The Magistrate must be higher-ranked within the military than the accused.F
The accused may request trial by Combat or trial by Ordeal, or another method, rather than the method here. This is granted at the discretion and by the terms of the Magistrate.G
The Magistrate selects the number of jurors required for that court. Jurors are appointed by the Magistrate, and must normally be Gryphons of equal rank or higher to the accused (see 4A).H
The Clerk to the court and the Counsel for the Prosecution are appointed by the Magistrate, and must be Gryphons, although they may be of any rank.I
The accused shall choose the counsel for his or her Defence, who must be a Gryphon of any rank. In the event of the accused being unwilling or unable to choose a suitable Counsel, the Magistrate shall elect one.J
The trial shall proceed as follows, subject to alteration by the Magistrate. First, both counsels shall present opening arguments, Prosecution first. Then, the Counsel for the Prosecution must present their case. He/she may call witnesses as per 6M (below). Then the counsel of the Defence will present their case, again calling on witnesses if necessary. Finally, both counsels will make closing arguments, Prosecution first.K
The guilt or innocence of the accused is decided by a majority verdict of the jurors. In the event of a tie, the accused is deemed to be innocent.L
If the accused is found guilty, sentence is to be passed by the Magistrate.M
Witnesses called to give evidence by the Counsels for the Defence and Prosecution must do so, unless on Military Service. This requirement may be waived at the discretion of the Magistrate.Section 7 : Offences and Punishments under Gryphon LawThe crimes are set out below, with their appropriate punishments. Where there is leeway in the punishment, for example the duration of imprisonment, this is at the discretion of the Magistrate. In exceptional circumstances the Lord-Provost may specify an appropriate punishment at their discretion.Ignorance of these offences and punishments does not constitute a legal defence.Crime (Title of)…..Crime (Description of)……PunishmentTreason
1 – An attack on the Lord Gryphon.
2 – An attack on a lawfully appointed subordinate of the Lord Gryphon in the process of carrying out his or her duty.
3 – Providing support for another faction, guild or organisation against the Lord Gryphon.
4 – Actions deemed detrimental to the cause of the Lord Gryphon…….Death followed by dismemberment.
The provision of confidential information to another faction, guild or organisation………..Death followed by dismemberment.Piracy on the High Seas
The unauthorised boarding of a ship at sea, taking of property or an attack by any means upon a ship at sea…………Death followed by dismemberment.Murder
The premeditated killing of another………..Death, or Imprisonment.Manslaughter
The killing of another not covered under Murder, be it accidental, retaliatory or otherwise, other than done in reasonable self-defence………Death, or Imprisonment, Weregild payable to the family of the victim.Assault
A violent attack on persons without due provocation……….Imprisonment, or Flogging, or Fines.Robbery
The taking of another’s property without their consent whilst using violence or threats of violence………Imprisonment, or Flogging, or the removal of one of the accused’s hands, and/or compensation paid to the victim.Theft
The unauthorised taking of the property of another not covered under Robbery above………Imprisonment, or Flogging, or the removal of one of the accused’s hands, and/or compensation paid to the victim.Slavery
The sale, purchase or keeping of any sapient being as a property………Imprisonment, or Flogging, or Fines.Poaching
The taking of game or livestock without the permission of the owner of the land on which they were found……….Imprisonment, or Fines.Perjury
The act of deliberately misleading a court whilst giving evidence, be that evidence written or vocal………..Imprisonment, or Fines.Abetting
The act of wilfully aiding a third party in the planning or execution of a criminal act by action or omission of action……..Death, or Imprisonment, or Flogging, or Fines.Control of Unlife
The act of controlling, influencing or manipulating Unlife in a manner contrary to the expedition of it’s destruction or laying to rest……At the discretion of the Lord GryphonConspiracy to perpetuate the state of Unlife
The aiding, abetting or otherwise assisting the cause of an Unliving being in a manner contrary to the expedition of it’s destruction or laying to rest……Death followed by dismemberment.Necromancy
Channelling energies from the plane of Unlife, whether raw energy or patterns, forcing them into a mortal or immortal form whether corporeal or otherwise or the tainting of a living person or inanimate object with them…….Death followed by dismemberment.Contempt of Court
1 – The act of causing disorder in a Gryphon court, impudence or disrespect to the Magistrate or any lawful appointee of the court.
2 – Not appearing as a witness when called under 6M (above).
Unlike other crimes, this need not be brought to trial; rather a sentence may be passed summarily by the Magistrate………Imprisonment, or Fines.
Section 8 : MiscellaneaA
Duels are lawful on Gryphon Lands under the honourable terms of the Code Duello. However, all duels must have a Magistrate as an arbitrator. In the event of the death of one of the combatants, the victor must pay compensation to the family of the deceased, the amount to be decided by the arbitrator and in any event not less than the sum of ten gold pieces.B
All Unliving and Necromancers, are considered to be threats to the security of the cause of the Lord Gryphon, and are to be destroyed immediately.C
The cause of the Lord Gryphon
To ensure the Unity, Peace, Prosperity and Freedom of the Nobles and Subjects of the Gryphon Lands, through the exercise of Courage, Justice and Honour in the service of the Ancestors of the Gryphon Pantheon.
AuthorityThis document forms only part of the Laws and Statutes of the Gryphons. Those requiring more detailed information about aspects of Gryphon Law should contact the Lord-Provost.
The Lord-Provost signed this document on the first day of March 1103 AF
Harts LawsProvided by Geoffrey Walker, High Sheriff of AlbionThe Basis of the Laws of AlbionThe Pendragon Throne and Albion are One. All that the Pendragon Throne does is for the Good of Albion. Therefore the Pendragon Throne is the Law of Albion. As such any person acting with the direct authority of the Pendragon Throne is considered subject only to the Throne, and may not be held or judged by any save the Throne.All who swear loyalty to Albion shall be Albion’s children, and they shall be subject to all the protection that She may give, so long as they follow Her Laws. Also, when Albion is threatened, by the command of the Pendragon Throne, her children will rise up to protect her, by force of arms if necessary.Any subject of Albion who by wilful act, causes harm or intends to cause harm to Albion herself, shall be considered to have committed Treason. Should this act be against the person of the Monarch of Albion then it shall be considered High Treason. If, after due process of Law, a person is found to be guilty of High Treason they shall be summarily executed.Any one that does harm against one protected by Albion’s Laws shall pay a penalty commensurate with the harm done.All who visit Albion’s shores with peaceful intent shall be protected by the Laws of Albion, and subject to the same. Those whose conduct is deemed non-conducive to the Good of Albion shall be excluded from her shores by order of the Pendragon Throne.Unliving are an abomination under the eyes of Albion Law and as such have no status within Albion and are not under her protection.Wielders of Magic of any form are responsible for all of their Sorceries and will feel the full weight of the Law should these effects transgress any of Albion’s Laws: or cause another to do so.Disregard or abuse of the Laws of Albion shall cause the full weight of Albion Law to be brought down on the perpetrator.Disputes in Albion may be resolved by mediation, test of arms or trial. Both parties must be agreeable to any mediation and will swear to abide by and act upon the result. Both parties must be similarly agreeable to a test of arms, either may refuse without loss of honour. Either party may call upon a champion but once a test of arms is agreed upon neither party may withdraw. A test of arms is considered to be a combat of honour and is not necessarily to the death.Should two persons of Albion have a dispute, that is not resolvable by other means, they should take it before one set to judge over them. In the case of freemen, squires and knights, this shall be the knight to whom they swear fealty or owe obedience. Only vassal knights or better may dispense justice, and then only to those of the same or lower rank as themselves. Should both parties accept the jurisdiction of their judge, then the judge may rule as they see fit.Should one of the parties involved not wish to accept the jurisdiction of the judge, but the other do, then each may nominate a judge, and the two nominated judges nominate a third between them: who shall be of higher status than either. The case will then be heard by all three judges, and all three must agree in their judgement. If they cannot agree, then they may petition the Pendragon Throne for a judgement. The judge, or judges may call whatever witnesses they see fit and must listen to all witnesses provided by the petitioners. The petitioners may have at their sides advisors should they so wish. The judge or judges shall appoint the day on which the trial shall be held, so long as it be no more than a year and a day from the date of the accusation.Should a person be deemed to be involved in unlawful activity by one who is not the victim of the unlawful activity then a complaint must be made to any in authority. At this point the accused may appoint a judge and then the High Sheriff (Or his appointed representative) shall act for Albion. The case shall then proceed as any other.The buying and selling of justice is a betrayal of the people of Albion. A judge found to have swayed their decision because of favours offered by a petitioner in a case will be taken before the Pendragon Throne and judged.The Land of Albion is her own, but is cared for by the Pendragon Throne. It is to the Throne to assign those who may look after parts of the land. The Throne can ask of any person of Albion to guard a part of Albion, and that person will be given the respect and privilege commensurate with their responsibility.One measure of Wine shall be the same throughout Albion, and one measure of Ale, and one measure of Corn, that is to say, within all of Albion all goods sold will be of specific, stated and standard Weights and Measures.All Merchants shall have their safe and sure Conduct to depart out of Albion, to come into Albion, to tarry in, and go through Albion, as well by Land as by Water, to buy and sell without any manner of evil and excessive Tolls, by the old and rightful Customs. All this except in Time of War. And if they be of a land making War against Albion, and such be found there at the beginning of the Wars, they shall be expelled from Albion without harm of body or goods or held hostage against the good will of their home land.All sentient beings have the right to freedom unless they transgress against the Law, and no one may be held slave in the Lands of Albion. Should a slave reach the soil of Albion and request sanctuary it shall be given if that person will swear to abide by Albion’s Laws.Justinian,
Quaesitor of Albion in good standing,
scribed April 1098
Jackal LawsProvided by Spoon Mctaff, Lawkeeper of the SujanLaw and Justice – Life in AegyptusThe Law is extensive, and is a cornerstone of Aegyptian life.
All documentation is kept in the Temple of Maat. The judges, appointed by the city lord deal with minor crimes, and all major crime is brought to trial and judged before the local Lord. People speak for themselves without a lawyer and punishments are carried out straight away.
Punishment is always physical, incarceration being considered a waste of human resources.Murder – Execution
Attempted Murder – Slavery
Conspiracy to Murder – Slavery
Manslaughter – Slavery
Treason – Execution
Blackmail – Public Beating
Bribery – Public Beating
Corruption – Public Beating
Theft – Slavery
Accomplice to Theft – Slavery
Assault – Slavery
Tomb Raiding – Torture and Execution
Tax Evasion – Public Beating
Moving of Land Boundaries – Ear cut off and Public Beating
Perjury – Execution
Forgery – Hand cut off
Impersonation – Branding and Public BeatingIncantors of the Temple of Maat are the Keepers of the Law
Incantors of the Temple of Inpu are the Judgement of the Law
Incantors of the Temple of Mafdet are the executioners of the Law
Lions Laws (Avalon and Lantia)Provided by DebreniThe LawThe Law that held in Avalon, was never repealed, and as such all and any rights and responsibilities that it places upon the Lions remain. However, the Law of Avalon was never particularly precise when it came to the matter of individual crimes and process of trial, therefore, to it is added the following code now in place:Firstly, it should be noted that, by long tradition, and by proclamation of King Rhino at the Heartland Games 1100, that the Spirit of the Law is more important than the Letter. To that end, there will be no written definition of individual crimes. The Spirit of the Law is interpreted by the Sheriffs, and by those acting as Judges.There are two types of crime, Capital and Non-Capital. Capital crimes are those that carry sentence of death. Currently, Capital Crimes are: Murder, Treason, and any other crime that is either linked directly to an act of Murder or Treason, or that has been repeated on a number of occasions by the culprit. Additional Crimes may be added to this list on petition. All capital crimes shall be tried by a panel of three judges, one or two of whom will be Sheriffs, with the senior Sheriff present presiding. The prosecution will be presented first, and their witnesses may then be cross examined by the defence, and questioned by the judges. The defence will then present their case, and they, and their witnesses may like wise be cross-examined by the prosecution, and examined by the juges. The judges may then call any other witnesses whose testimony they wish to hear. The Judges will then retire to consider their verdict. If it is guilty, then the sentence is Death. This may be commuted to Exile for all time, or for an alternative suitable punishment at the discretion of the judges. Anybody so sentenced has the right to appeal to the Crowns against the Verdict or the sentence. The Crowns have the right to decides whether they will hear the Appeal, and if they do, whether the Verdict or Sentence is to hold.Non-Capital Crimes are all other crimes that are not Capital. Being too numerous to list without risk of omitting some, the Spirit Of The Law applies. Should a Sheriff or other investigating authority decide that an action is a crime, then crime it is. All those of sound and adult mind, are expected to know right from wrong, and as such will know whether their actions are likely to be a crime or not. A Non-Capital Crime can be judged by a single Sheriff. Should the accused admit the crime, then sentence can be announced with immediate effect. Should the accused deny it, then trial can proceed as with Capital Crimes, but with the single Sheriff acting as judge. The sentence for a Non-Capital crime will not be death or Exile for all time, but will be of a type deemed suitable by the judge. Should the judge decide that crime is a Capital Crime, they may refer it to a trial on a Capital Charge at a later date. Anybody sentenced may appeal against the Verdict or the Sentence to the High Sheriff, or their Deputy, who have the right to decide whether the appeal will be heard, and if it is, the result.In all cases it should be realised that there is no requirement for the prosecution to release to the defence their evidence prior to the trial, and likewise there is no requirement for the defence to present their case to the prosecution before trial. In all cases, the word of the presiding judge, or senior judge in the case of Capital Crimes is final in questions relating to the conduct of the trial. The presiding or senior judge may find that any individual or group are in contempt of court and pass sentence on that offence with immediate effect if they see fit.The Sheriffs office will investigate all crimes. However, people wishing to bring a charge should have collected and prepared their evidence for examination by the Sheriffs, and be prepared to conduct the prosecution on the charge.Signed, this day, the Twelfth of the Twelfth Month, 1102 A.F. on Andulus,
Isle of Justice, by I, Sir Oliver FitzOliver, High Sheriff of the Lions
Laws of AvalonWe the People of the Lions of Avalon, in order to form a more perfect nation, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquillity, provide for the common Defence, promote the general Welfare and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this code of Laws for the Lions of Avalon.We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.Article the FirstNo violence, Belligerence or similar form of aggression will be offered from one Lion to another; neither harm done by means physical, magical or spiritual unless provided for in one of the following Articles.Article the SecondNo Lion is to illicitly obtain property, monetary, knowledge Or other items from another Lion.Article the ThirdNo Lion may take the law into their own hands, but may detain a suspect using minimum force until the arrival of the Militia.Article the FourthEvery Lion will defend Avalon, another Lion and the Lion camp from threats both internal and external but must do so with due regard to the law and without the use of excessive force.Article the FifthAll Lions should be prepared to assist, and be cooperative towards an officer of the Militia engaged in the discharge of his or her duty.Article the SixthNo Lion will be deprived of life, unless on a presentment or indictment of a jury except in time of war or public danger; nor shall any Lion be put in jeopardy of life except in cases which apply to acts of treason or sedition or any wilful act by a Lion that may or does result in the death, endangerment or harm of another Lion.Rights of the Lions People.Article the FirstThe Lions Command shall make no law respecting an establishment of belief, faith or cult, or prohibiting free exercise thereof, provided such exercise does not contravene the spirit of the law; or abridging the freedom of speech or the right of the people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the Lions command for a redress of grievance.Article the SecondA well regulated Militia, being necessary for the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and to bear arms, shall not be infringed.Article the ThirdThe right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no such act shall ensue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and an officer of the Militia particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.Article the FourthNeither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within Avalon, or in any other place subject to Lions jurisdiction.Article the FifthNeither obstruction nor persecution of a person of any of any diversity of race, belief or sex, while the party abides by, and does honour to the law, shall exist within Avalon, or in any other place subject to Lions jurisdiction; neither shall hinderance be put upon such with regard to position or employment within the said area.
Detailed Provisions and definitions1. The term Lion and people refers to one who is a Lion, one who shelters under the Lions banner or one who is a legitimate guest of the Lions.2.All Lions, no mater what their rank, position or group affiliation are subject to these laws. Groups may decide to independently punish an individual of their group but this does not mitigate punishment by the Lions unless agreed upon by the Command Group, Grand Inquisitor or High Sheriff.3.An accused individual or group is considered innocent until proved guilty and shall be treated with fairness and not abused in any way. This rule does not preclude the use of minimum force to detain a suspect should they resist arrest or be otherwise obstructive, disrespectful, violent or dangerous uncooperative during the course of an investigation.4.These laws are laid down so that all Lions, high or low alike, receive an equal portion of justice within the spirit of the Law. As such, these laws are subject to ongoing review to prevent them from being manipulated buy an individual or a group to gain advantage over others or the law.5.Changes to the Law may be made with consultation between the Lord General of the Lions, his High Sheriff and the grand Inquisitor of the Lions.6.Authority for these ordinances derives from the Lord General of the Lions, through his agent the High Sheriff and thence to appointed officers of the Militia, titled as the Sheriffs, and the currently serving Lions guards. Misconduct by these officials should be notified in the first instance to the High Sheriff who will investigate such claims.7.The authority of the above said agents of the Militia is absolute and is not to be questioned, flouted or otherwise challenged directly. All grievances should be directed High Sheriff or the Lions Command.8.Sentence to punishment will only be made after a hearing except when such a delay would threaten the safety or security of the Lions. In such a case a duly appointed Sheriff may use his or her discretion to act in the defence of the Lions.
Tarantula LawsProvided by Veldrac1; Don’t get caught2; Matron Mothers word is law
Unicorn LawsProvided by Sir Dickson, Knight of Ancalime, Chief of Police of MauritaniaThe Empress has decreed that there are to be six Imperial laws by which Mauritanja is to be governed. These laws are: -The Imperial Family’s decision is final on all matters.All sentient beings pledging loyalty to the Imperial Family and showing true allegiance to Mauritanja shall be accepted as part of the Mauritanjan Empire.Accusation of any crime will only be accepted under the condition that the accuser is of a higher rank than the accused.The Empress shall decide the successor to the Empire, to uphold the memory of Queen Adelena’s last wish.The right to a home is the right of all Mauritanjans, providing they recognize the land belongs to the Unicorns and they give recognition to Cadras Cornus for this.The Justice Ministry shall deal with all crimes and punishments for those crimes will be administered according to the Ministry edicts.Further to these Imperial laws it is incumbent upon the Empress through the Justice Ministry and the Chief Justice, to provide a set of common laws to which the Mauritanjan people and government will use to govern their daily lives. A statement of intent: Justice in all things, the spirit of the law is above the word of the law, and compassion where possible. These statements is the code to which all involved with the Justice Ministry must adhere to, and pledge their lives to uphold. Below are the Common Laws, which are the standard rules of conduct for all beings that reside in, or are visiting Mauritanja.No being is to take the life of another being. Exceptions to this are the Imperial Family, Mauritanjan Nobles, the Justice Ministry, approved lawful execution, or beings proven to be defending themselves from attack or harm where no other option was available.No being is to attack or harm another being. Exemption to this is Imperial intervention, or when acting to enforce the law, beings proven to be defending themselves from attack or harm and beings engaging in lawfully approved dueling.No being is to steal from any other being or commit acts of fraud, arson, abduction or vandalism.No being is to cast magic or use innate abilities on another being without their permission. This permission may be retroactive as long as no outside coercion is in effect. Exemption to this is by Imperial intervention, when acting to enforce the law or for beings defending themselves from attack or harm.A being is responsible for anything non-sentient that it brings into Mauritanja.No being is to obstruct, impersonate or attempt to bribe members of the Imperial Family, Mauritanjan nobility or members of the Justice Ministry, under pain of death.No being is to attempt to or take the Imperial Family, Mauritanjan nobility or members of the Justice Ministry, under pain of death.Failure to complete initial punishment will result in increased punishment.Repeated offences will result in increased punishment.Ignorance of the law is no defense.Mauritanjans of low rank may approach the Justice Ministry to investigate suspected crimes by Mauritanjans of a higher rank.All members of the Justice Ministry are to uphold the law and defend the Imperial Family, Mauritanjan nobility and the law from outside influence.These common laws, if broken, will be tried and punished by a single judge, but the defendant may appeal the decision to the Empress or the Chief Justice to allow retrial, which would be presided over by a Privy Council member, or the Chief Justice and two other appointed judges. The only exception of this will be in the cases of Common Laws 1 or 7 being broken, which will always result in a trial by three judges.
If found guilty, the type of punishment will be chosen by the Judges from the various punishments listed below. The judges will set the level of the punishment, but may allow the guilty party to choose his own punishment from a list that they provide. A trial will not be required if the defendant admits to the crime as long as he does this of his own free will, and under no coercion. Written confessions will not be allowed.The punishments are: -Execution / Destruction
Bonded / Community Service
EdictThe Justice Ministry comprises of the following people: -The Chief Justice
The Chief of Police and Militia Liaison
The Mauritanjan Judges
The Mauritanjan Police Department.The Empress has also decreed that all who uphold the law in her name must swear the following oath: -“I do solemnly swear to obey and serve the Leader of the Unicorn Faction in all things and act with justice, following the spirit of the law above the word of the law, and where possible, acting with compassion, and to defend the Leader, People and the Land of Mauritanja with my life”No being may hold a position in the Justice Ministry without taking this oath.
Breaking the oath is punishable by death.
Viper LawsProvided by Keldon the GolemThe Viper faction does not support the creation of Unliving.4 main lawsDon’t get caught
Viper doesn’t do Viper
Don’t take the piss
Unless it’s funnySub LawsGroup leaders of groups that have come to the Gathering, regardless of their faction will be responsible for the actions of their groups. If they say that it is faction or guild business then it is the faction or guild command that are held responsible.If someone commits a crime in the name of or under the influence of an ancestor, then the faith of that ancestor will be held responsible.The reckless use of ritual circles is an offence.All elves must be licensed.Peasants* count as sentient creatures with regards the crime of murder but are considered property for all other legal purposes.Teutonian Citizens have right of way over Peasants*.Don’t kill Scribbler **
**(10/12/02 At this point the Don’t kill Scribbler law has been revoked due to a nasty case of death for the murder of Tenin Ordos)Minor LawsFines will be imposed for interfering with minor Viper laws. This includes but is not limited to :
Loitering within tent
Using the phrase “Do you know who I am?”
The wearing of bright colours before 12 o’clock
Infringements to the chocolate and strawberry law (this includes the illegal import of trees)*Legal DefinitionsA peasant is anyone who is not a Teutonian Citizen.
The word of the Teutonic Knights is Law.
Trials are illegal – The Teutonic Knights, assisted by the Militia Guild will pass judgement and appropriate sentence for each crime based on its merits.
Repeat offences may incur harsh penaltiesViper Law Fine PrintThere is no fine print we are vipers!!!!
Wolf LawsProvided by Robyn Morllani, Chamberlain of the WolvesThe Term Faction Command refers to the leader of the Wolf Nation, and their respective second and third in command. Their appointments will be made common knowledge throughout Wolf Land.The Harlogsogumathr and Harlandhirthir shall be appointed by Faction Command and their appointment made common knowledge amongst the Wolf peoples. Each province of Wolf lands shall have an appointed Logsogumathr and Landhirthir to deal with regional issues of law. Each Logsogumathr is answerable to the Harlogsogumathr. Each Landhirthir is answerable to the Harlandhirthir. For the purposes of this document the term ‘lawgiver’ refers to either the Harlogsogumathr or the Logsogumathr unless otherwise specified. Similarly the term ‘Sheriff’ refers to either the Harlandhirthir or the Landhirthir unless otherwise specified.Any ritual or transport circle on Wolf Lands will be considered subject to Wolf Law, The Mages Guild have the same rights to the circles that any Wolf Citizen has to his or her own home on Wolf soil but nothing more.Where is Wolf law applicableWolf law is applicable to any crime committed anywhere on mainland Norsca, the Orkneyjar archipelago (including inside any ritual or transport circles on Wolf soil, any Wolf embassy or encampment on foreign soil, and any future soil which becomes part of or a protectorate of the Wolf Nation) on board any Wolf sailing vessel or where any Wolf is the aggrieved party when acting in the interests of or on the orders of the Wolf faction or going about Wolf faction business.Who does it apply toWolf Law shall apply to all subjects of the Wolf Nation and any guest on Wolf soil (as defined above) except when inside the boundaries of their own embassies on Wolf Soil (For instance at a Gathering of Nations) This may be superseded by any common law recognised by all factions present for covering such Gatherings of nations if the Wolf Nation is a signatory to such an agreement.Naturally, enemies, invaders, trespassers and outlaws receive no such succour from the law they wish to trample underfoot and may be dealt with accordingly.Unliving are strictly forbidden on Wolf lands. Any unlivng found on Wolf lands will be pattern corrected or destroyed.Recording of eventsDuring any legal proceedings, a scribe shall be present to record events. This is useful for reference in case of further similar incidents in the future and to prevent any further arguments that happen over the event in the future.The Nature of the LawThe essence of the law in the Wolf Faction is that of conciliation and compromise, not punishment. It is the aim of the law to remove the ill feelings wherever possible that can remain and fester from perceived injustices. Thus, the mechanism of trial and punishment will not come into effect until every other option has been exhausted. It is neither wanted nor expected that arguments within groups will have to be settled at anything other than group level. Unless there is a serious conflict that threatens the integrity of the faction, groups are responsible for there own internal discipline as long as any punishments do not break Wolf Law.Inter Group DisputesIf a dispute breaks out between members of different groups the method of arbitration will be between the group leaders. Unless requested, this will have no formal structure but will be arranged at the mutual convenience of the parties involved. The Logsogumathr or an appointed deputy may sit as arbiter if requested or if it is seen to be in the interest of the faction to do so, but if they are not present at the arbitration, they will be informed of any such proceedings as a matter of courtesy. It is expected that all parties involved will conduct themselves with decorum. An agreement which is satisfactory to both / all parties will have the backing of the full force of the law if it is found to be a reasonable conclusion by the Logsogumathr or his appointed deputy.If the dispute fails to be resolved through local arbitration the matter will be reported to the Harlogsogumathr who will act as arbitrator in a second attempt to resolve the matter. Or will refer the dispute to Faction Command or will take the dispute to trial by combat.The only circumstances in which the above does not apply will be in the case of Serious Crimes, where the Lord General or his appointed representative is party to such matters and thus any accusation will proceed directly to trial on the preliminary findings of the lawgiver that there is a case to answer.The Lord General’s decision is final.Trial by CombatIn the event that groups cannot resolve their dispute formally then the next option open to both sides will be to resolve their differences by trial by combat, if both parties are agreeable to this. If it proceeds it can either be a straight one on one fight between group champions if such are appointed or if not up to four persons from each side will take part. Terms of victory can be whatever each side wishes but, combat shall not be to the death. The proceeding will be watched over by the lawgiver who will ensure the fight is fair, honourable and free from outside interference. The lawgiver will also ensure that the terms of the victory and loss are imposed once combat is complete.It will be the responsibility of both sides to make sure that there is a healer on hand even if combat takes place within the confines of a ritual of peace. Failure to do so could result in further charges being made by the faction of murder or attempted murder.Types of CrimesThere is no longer any distinction between high and low crimes as far as the manner in which they are dealt with is concerned. However, certain crimes will incur harsher punishments upon a guilty verdict. These are: treason, murder or necromancy. These are from now on to be referred to as serious crimes.Serious CrimesTreason:
Treason shall be defined as any intentional act or omission of action, which has the result of causing serious harm to the Wolf Faction as a whole. (I.e. any attempt to kill the Lord General or passage of any secrets delicate to the Wolf nation for example.)Murder:
Murder shall be defined as the premeditated killing of any member of the Wolf nation or a guest under Wolf law. In the case of attempted murder it must be shown that the injuries or circumstances in which the aggrieved party were found would have caused a death if gone unnoticed.Necromancy:
Necromancy is any chanelling of the plane of unlife. It is illegal to practice any necromantic act on Wolf land.
Lesser Crimes.Lesser crimes are those most prevalent in everyday society, which act against the common good and which Wolf society has deemed worthy of punishment.Lesser crimes do not have strict definitions and in each case it will be the decision of the Sheriff to decide if such an offence has been committed.Examples of lesser crimes are: theft, assault, kidnapping, manslaughter, slavery. However the list is not exhaustive and would include any other offence that acts against the common good of the Wolf Faction, as decided by the Sheriff.Please note that the carrying of poisons is not permitted on Wolf lands without a license issued by a sheriff. To do so is a crime.Process for TrialLesser CrimesThe following method will be adopted: the accuser shall attend before the lawgiver and sheriff and in the presence (and hearing) of the accused, who shall be present, make a formal accusation. The lawgiver can order the militia to bring the accused to hear the accusation if necessary using any reasonable means granted by their office. The accused will be asked to enter a plea of guilt or innocence. In the event of a not guilty plea, the lawgiver will then give both parties one hour to summon their witnesses and prepare their cases. This time limit will not be extended unless the lawgiver feels it is in the interests of justice to do so.Six Wolves of good standing will then be chosen at random to sit as a jury (these will not be from the group of the accused or accuser unless there is no other option).The accused and the accuser must speak for themselves wherever possible. If the lawgiver or Sheriff feel that either party is incapable of speaking for themselves then they have the right to request a third person speak on the accused or accuser’s behalf.After an hour, parties will present themselves in front of the lawgiver (or a duly appointed deputy). The accused, accuser and any witnesses will swear an oath to their ancestor (or in the unlikely event that they do not follow any ancestor, swear an oath upon their life/honour/something else agreeable to the lawgiver present) that they will tell the truth. The lawgiver will remind all concerned that to lie on oath is a punishable offence in itself.The accuser will state their case and will be questioned by the sheriff and by the accused. The accuser may call any witnesses on their behalf that will likewise be open to questioning. Then the accused will give their defence if any and summon any witnesses to support their defence. Again the sherriff or the accuser may ask any questions they see fit. The lawgiver presiding over the trial may also ask questions if desired.No side shall take more than one third of an hour each to present their case.Once evidence has been presented the jury will be asked to go and formulate an opinion based only on the facts presented to them as to the guilt or innocence of the accused. The jury shall sit in private until a decision is reached and will not discuss this decision with anyone who has not sat on that jury with the exception of the lawgiver, sheriff or a member of Faction Command (or their appointed representative)Where there is a possibility of two offences of different standings having been committed (for instance Murder or Manslaughter) the case shall be treated as a serious crime if applicable (see below) but the jury shall be asked to give a verdict on both charges. In the case of multiple charges the style of hearing will depend on the most serious.The jury must cast a majority vote for the accused to be found guilty. In the event of a tied jury the lawgiver will place the casting vote but otherwise has no part in the decision making process.In the event of an initial guilty plea, the same format will apply but will be kept as brief as possible simply outlining the major points in respect of the accused and any mitigating circumstances or evidence from the accused.Upon a guilty verdict the lawgiver will impose the punishment(s) detailed for that crime they think most appropriate.Offences and punishments1. Murder Death or Exile.2. Treason Death or Exile.3. Necromancy Death or Exile.The punishments for the following crimes will be left to the discretion of the lawgiver but will be selected from the following :
Loss of Status, Fine, Weregild, Imprisonment, Servitude as a thrall or a combination of any of these.4. Theft Offences5. Negligence / Misconduct6. Manslaughter7. Slavery8. Lying / deception9. Kidnapping10. Stirring enmity between wolves11. OathbreakingThe death penalty cannot be imposed directly by a lawgiver for a lesser crime.
It is for the sheriff to decide which offence a crime committed falls under.Serious CrimesThe process will be the same as for lower crimes, except that the Lord General or his appointed representative will sit and hear any proceedings for serious offences and the lawgiver will consult with that person prior to any sentence being passed. Further more any decision to impose the death penalty on any subject will require the backing of the Lord General.Right of AppealAfter a sentence has been passed if the accused feels the punishment they have received is unfair or that the trial itself was unfair, they have one hour to appeal to the Lord General or his appointed representative and state their case. It should be pointed out that this may not be successful and a harsher punishment as well as more lenient one can be imposed if thought appropriate, as a result of the appeal.Where the Faction is the accuserWhere a crime has been committed against the Faction (for example the act of using necromancy on Wolf Soil) the Harlandhirthir or an appointed deputy shall be responsible for collating the evidence and making the formal accusation and presenting that evidence at any trial on behalf of the Wolf Faction.
AppendixAttempting to Commit and Offence or Conspiracy.Any attempted acts of any of the above crimes will carry the same penalty as the act itself. An attempt shall be defined as where a person tries to commit a crime and is either thwarted in the process or where the actual crime fails to be fulfilled for example attempted murder. Also, if any plan or conspiracy to commit a crime is uncovered prior to the event taking place it shall also carry the same penalty.DefencesIt is possible that a person who commits a crime may be acting under some outside influence. It is the responsibility of that person to arrange some means of proving this fact by magical means or otherwise to the satisfaction of the Lawgiver, sheriff and jury and not the job of the justice department to prove that he was not.Failing to Attend TrialIf, after having charges laid against them, an accused fails to attend trial at the appointed time they will be declared outlaw and subject to arrest by Wolf Militia. They will remain outlawed until such time that they surrender themselves for trial. As such Wolf Law no longer protects them during this time.Failing to Comply with a Lawful Decision by the LawgiverIf after having been found guilty of an offence and sentenced the accused breaks terms or conditions of the sentence they will be declared outlaw and subject to arrest and a further and harsher sentence will be imposed.Guest Law‘Guest Law’ is an often heard term but rarely defined, when someone is granted ‘Guest Law’ they agree to obey the laws and customs of the land or area they are in and lend any aid they can in the defence of that land or area if it is attacked when they are present. They also agree not to attack any other Wolf or guest there present during their stay.ReplacementsIn the case of the Harlogsogumathr or the Harlandhirthir not being present or unavailable due to other circumstances a recognised deputy may stand in their place. Likewise there appointment will be made known throughout Wolf land.Speak with AncestorsThe Law no longer recognises the use of any ability to commune with an ancestor for use as evidence in any proceedings. Each ancestor may have his or her own differing opinion on the subject matter at hand. Therefore no evidence obtained via this method will be accepted in proceedings from this point forward.ThrallsThe term thrall is in common use throughout Wolf Lands and should not be confused with the term slave. A thrall works for the person who has enthralled them but unlike a slave, should be kept in suitable accommodation, be given drink and sustenance and treated fairly. This does not, however, prevent the Thrall being punished for failing to obey the person to whom they are enthralled, assuming such an order is not illegal or dishonourable to him or the Wolf Nation. Thralls will serve for a set period of time, if part of a punishment, or until released from their duties by their master, for example, having worked off a debt or similar.TitlesFor the purposes of Wolf Law the titles of King, Lord General and any other future title taken by the leader of the Wolf nation are fully interchangeable for the purposes of the law as are any titles taken by the second or third in command.